EYEAFRICA TV: Huzhou City, China: Archaeologists have made phased progress in the excavation of the major tomb of a group of mausoleums dating 2,500 years back in Anji’s Longshan of Huzhou City, east China’s Zhejiang Province.
Coded No. 107, the tomb was believed to belong to the ancient State of Yue, built late in the Spring and Autumn Period (771 to 476 BC).
According to archaeologists, the tomb is in the shape of an upturned rectangular mound. In addition to the central tomb, there are 31 subordinate small tombs around it, surrounded by a trench of 21 to 23 meters wide. Such a graveyard structure is the only one of its kind ever discovered in China to date.
“The tomb mound is so high and it was piled up completely by manpower, the method of piling and techniques involved were quite advanced. The point is, a 23-meter burial pit behind it was discovered, which is a pit of objects, with a big quantity of pottery jugs and proto-ceramics in it, which were equivalent to the function of a pottery storehouse,” said Lin Liugen, head of the Jiangsu Provincial Institute of Archaeology.
After the No. 107 Tomb was robbed twice, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage approved the emergency excavation plan to save the tomb and its cultural relics. So far 346 pieces of pottery, ceramic, jade and stone funerary objects have been unearthed from the tomb, of which the proto-ceramic ware reflects the highest level of the proto-porcelain in the Yue State.
“The tomb is at a place where the Wu State bordered with the Yue State. Our local chronicles have actually been rather wavering whether this place belonged to Wu or Yue State in the late Spring and Autumn Period. Through the excavation of the tomb, I think it should be clear that this place belonged to Yue, so our work made a little contribution to the historical studies on Anji,” said Tian Zhengbiao, a researcher with the Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Archaeology.
Up to 2019, the archaeological team of Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Archaeology has carried out nearly 20 years of archaeological work in the area with fruitful results.